Ekadashi Kab Ki Hai: Ekadashi Dates and Significance



In the Hindu calendar, Ekadashi is considered a significant day for fasting and devotion. Ekadashi falls on the eleventh day of the lunar fortnight, both in the waxing (Shukla Paksha) and waning (Krishna Paksha) phases of the moon. It occurs twice in a lunar month, and each Ekadashi has its significance and importance. Observing Ekadashi is believed to cleanse the mind, body, and soul, and bring spiritual benefits to the individual. In this article, we will delve into the dates, significance, and spiritual practices associated with Ekadashi.

Dates of Ekadashi

Ekadashi dates vary each month based on the Hindu lunar calendar. The most observed Ekadashis are the Vaishnava Ekadashi, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, and the Smartha Ekadashi, observed by followers of Lord Shiva. Some of the popular Ekadashi dates include:

  1. Shattila Ekadashi: January
  2. Jaya Ekadashi: February
  3. Vijaya Ekadashi: March
  4. Varuthini Ekadashi: April
  5. Mohini Ekadashi: May
  6. Apara Ekadashi: June
  7. Pandava Nirjala Ekadashi: June
  8. Yogini Ekadashi: July
  9. Kamika Ekadashi: July/August
  10. Parsva Ekadashi: August
  11. Indira Ekadashi: September
  12. Papankusha Ekadashi: October
  13. Rama Ekadashi: October/November
  14. Prabodhini Ekadashi: November
  15. Utpanna Ekadashi: December

Significance of Ekadashi

Ekadashi holds great spiritual significance in Hindu mythology and scriptures. It is believed that observing Ekadashi vrat (fast) helps devotees attain punya (good karma) and cleanse their minds and bodies. The fast is typically broken on the next day, i.e., Dwadashi. Some of the benefits of observing Ekadashi include:

  1. Spiritual purification: Fasting on Ekadashi is said to purify the body and soul, helping individuals attain spiritual growth.

  2. Removal of sins: It is believed that observing Ekadashi vrata helps in the removal of past sins and karmic burdens.

  3. Blessings of the deities: Devotees offer prayers to Lord Vishnu or Lord Shiva on Ekadashi to seek their blessings and grace.

  4. Self-discipline: Observing a fast on Ekadashi teaches self-discipline and control over worldly desires.

Spiritual Practices on Ekadashi

On the day of Ekadashi, devotees engage in various spiritual practices to enhance the benefits of the vrat. Some common practices include:

  1. Fasting: Devotees observe a strict fast on Ekadashi, abstaining from consuming grains, beans, and certain vegetables.

  2. Prayer and Meditation: Individuals spend the day in prayer, meditation, and reading sacred texts to deepen their spiritual connection.

  3. Charity: Giving alms to the poor and needy is considered auspicious on Ekadashi.

  4. Visiting Temples: Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu or Lord Shiva on Ekadashi and participate in special rituals.

  5. Listening to Scriptures: Listening to or reciting spiritual texts and scriptures is believed to bring peace and prosperity.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Can I drink water while fasting on Ekadashi?
Yes, water is allowed during Ekadashi fasting. It is essential to stay hydrated while observing the vrat.

2. What foods are typically avoided on Ekadashi?
During Ekadashi, followers abstain from consuming grains, beans, certain vegetables like onions and garlic, and non-vegetarian foods.

3. Can pregnant women or individuals with health conditions observe Ekadashi fasts?
Pregnant women, individuals with health conditions, or those on medication are advised to consult a healthcare professional before fasting on Ekadashi.

4. Is it necessary to stay up all night on Ekadashi?
Staying up all night (Jagran) on Ekadashi is a traditional practice but not mandatory. One can observe Ekadashi with sincerity and devotion in a way that is comfortable for them.

5. What is the significance of breaking the fast at the right time on Dwadashi?
Breaking the fast at the prescribed time on Dwadashi is believed to complete the Ekadashi vrat and bring maximum spiritual benefits to the individual.

In conclusion, Ekadashi is a sacred day for Hindus to practice self-discipline, devotion, and spiritual cleansing. By observing Ekadashi vrat with sincerity and faith, individuals can experience inner growth and connect with the divine. Remember to consult with elders or priests for specific guidelines on observing Ekadashi based on individual beliefs and traditions.


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